Syriac, an Aramaic dialect and major literary language, was widely spoken in the ancient Near East. The early translation of the New Testament into Syriac facilitated the spread of Christianity. By the fifth century the Peshitta, or “simple” version, became the official Syriac Bible, comprising the Hebrew Bible and New Testament. The manuscript is open to the Gospel of John, chapters 17–18. The red notations at bottom provide a concordance to corresponding sections in the other Gospels.
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