Germany, late 15th century, 2 5/8 x 2 in. (6.7 x 5.1 cm), MS. Opp. 777, fols. 9b–10a

Created for private use, this book of Jewish daily prayers is one of the smallest volumes in the Bodleian. It comes from the Oppenheimer Collection, acquired in 1829. It is open to the Thirteen Principles of Rabbi Ishmael (90–135 CE), a guide to interpreting the Bible. The text is inserted within the daily morning prayers. Although the Principles are still found in traditional "siddurim," the reading of them has become less common. The word panel at lower left, "Baruch" (Blessed), marks the beginning of the next section.


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