Syria?, 1354, 14 1/2 x 8 3/4 in. (36.8 x 22.2 cm), MS. Pococke 400, fol. 75b

In the eighth century the "Panchatantra," a collection of Indian fables, was translated into Arabic by the Persian Ibn al-Muqaffa. He titled it "Kalila wa-Dimna" after the two jackals featured in some of the stories. This rendition spread throughout the Muslim world, including the Iberian Peninsula, where it was translated into Hebrew and Castilian. These versions in turn served as sources for Latin translations, which helped to transmit the tales to the rest of Europe. Here, Dimna the Jackal has plotted to kill Bull, the Lion King’s faithful servant and must face the Leopard Judge. Moral: crime doesn’t pay

fol. 53a

fol. 60a

fol. 61b

fol. 86a

fol. 99a

fol. 123b


  1. Luisa Sigol

    An extraordinay exhibition. I hope to be able to see it
    In person.