Scribe and ilustrator: Joshua ibn Gaon of Soria, Soria or Tudela, Spain, c. 1300, 13 x 20 1/2 in. (33 x 52.1 cm), MS. Kennicott 2, fols. 14b–15a

The scribe Joshua executed not only the writing, but also the micrographic and painted decorations of this biblical text. Seven Bibles produced by him survive today. These two carpet pages mark the beginning of the Pentateuch. The castle symbol of Castile is at the center of the left panel, an allusion to the Christian kingdom then emerging to challenge Muslim power. It is surrounded by Islamic interlace patterns, an interesting interplay of imagery within a Hebrew manuscript.


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