England, early 13th century, 6 x 3 7/8 in. (15.2 x 9.8 cm), MS. Bodl. Or. 621, fols. 2b–3a

This manuscript, open to Psalms 6:7–9:19, was used as a schoolbook in the first half of the thirteenth century. At least three Christians annotated the Hebrew text extensively in Latin and French. The notes in the margin mainly concern Hebrew grammar and vocabulary. The Latin translation relies on the Vulgate, but also reflects knowledge of Jewish sources.


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