FRAGMENTS OF EARLY PAPYRUS CODEX IN GREEK: SCRIPTURE INTERPRETED BY PHILO OF ALEXANDRIA

Greco-Roman Egypt, 3rd century CE, found at Oxyrhynchus, 8 x 12 in. (20.3 x 30.5 cm), MS. Gr. class. c. 74(P) / 2

Philo (20 BCE–50 CE) was an Alexandrian Jewish biblical commentator. Writing in Greek (he knew no Hebrew), he developed a technique of allegorical interpretation of the Bible that influenced Christian scholars greatly. These papyrus fragments from an early Christian text include passages from Philo’s "De Ebrietate" (On Drunkenness), in which the author discusses the inebriating effects of ignorance, drawing upon biblical stories such as the drunkenness of Noah.




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